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什么是表面活性剂?它在化妆品中有哪些作用?

来源: 石家庄市海森化工有限公司  日期:2020-12-02 14:34:11  属于:行业动态
文章摘要:

表面活性剂是一种化学结构很特殊的物质,在化妆品行业应用非常广泛,它是化妆品原料中的辅助原料,虽然用量不多,但起到很大的作用,在洗面奶、润肤乳液、护肤霜、洗发水、护发素、牙膏等大多数产品中都有应用。其在化妆品中的作用多种多样,主要作用表现为:乳化、洗涤、发泡、增溶、杀菌、抗静电、分散等。这里我们详细介绍一下它的四个主要作用。

(1)乳化作用

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(2)洗涤、发泡作用

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(3)增溶作用

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表面活性剂按结构特点的不同可分为阴离子型、阳离子型、两性离子型和非离子型四大类。其中阴离子型表面活性剂的洗涤、发泡作用较好,多用于清洁用的产品中;阳离子表面活性剂的杀菌、抗静电以及柔顺毛发作用较好,多用于护发素中;两性离子型表面活性剂洗涤作用较弱,但增泡、稳泡、增稠作用较好,多用于清洁类产品中辅助阴离子型表面活性剂,增强产品的清洁效果,降低刺激性;非离子型表面活性剂以乳化、增溶作用擅长,刺激性较低,多用于膏霜、乳液类产品以及需要增溶的水剂类产品中。


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